Exclusive Worldwide Patent Portfolio
22nd Century owns or exclusively controls more than 200 issued patents and more than 50 pending patent applications around the world.
Engineering the Nicotine Biosynthetic Pathway
Nicotine is produced in the roots of tobacco by the linking of compounds derived from nicotinic acid and putrescine. Nicotine is one of many nicotinic alkaloids in tobacco but is the most prevalent, making up 85-95% of the total of nicotinic alkaloids in typical commercial tobacco.