Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

NATURE OF BUSINESS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

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NATURE OF BUSINESS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2021
NATURE OF BUSINESS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES  
NATURE OF BUSINESS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

NOTE 1. - NATURE OF BUSINESS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Presentation - The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments consisting of normal recurring accruals considered necessary for a fair and non-misleading presentation of the financial statements have been included.

Operating results for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2021. The balance sheet as of December 31, 2020 has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements at that date but does not include all the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements.

These interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the December 31, 2020 audited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 11, 2021.

Principles of Consolidation - The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of (i) 22nd Century Group, Inc. (“22nd Century Group”); (ii) its four wholly-owned subsidiaries, 22nd Century Limited, LLC (“22nd Century Ltd”), NASCO Products, LLC (“NASCO”), Botanical Genetics, LLC (“Botanical Genetics”), and 22nd Century Group Canada, Inc. (“22nd Century Group Canada”); (iii) two wholly-owned subsidiaries of 22nd Century Ltd, Goodrich Tobacco Company, LLC (“Goodrich Tobacco”) and Heracles Pharmaceuticals, LLC (“Heracles Pharma”); and (iv) one wholly-owned subsidiary of Botanical Genetics, 22nd Century Holdings, LLC (“22nd Century Holdings”). This group of subsidiaries is referred to as collectively with 22nd Century Group as the “Company”. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.

Nature of Business – 22nd Century Group is a leading agricultural biotechnology and intellectual property company focused on tobacco harm reduction, reduced nicotine tobacco and improving health and wellness through plant science. 22nd Century Ltd performs research and development related to the level of nicotine and other nicotinic alkaloids in tobacco plants and Botanical Genetics performs research and development related to hemp/cannabis plants. Goodrich Tobacco and Heracles Pharma are business units for the Company’s potential modified risk tobacco products. NASCO is a federally licensed tobacco products manufacturer, a subsequent participating member under the tobacco Master Settlement Agreement (“MSA”) between the tobacco industry and the settling states under the MSA and operates the Company’s tobacco products manufacturing business in North Carolina. 22nd Century Holdings and 22nd Century Group Canada are two newly formed subsidiaries where 22nd Century Holdings will own and operate the newly acquired Needle Rock Farm assets and 22nd Century Group Canada will allow for future international business opportunities in Canada.

Reclassifications Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period’s classification. None of these reclassifications had a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

COVID-19 Pandemic – The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely impacted the U.S. economy and supply chains and created volatility in U.S. financial markets. The COVID-19 pandemic has had a minimal impact on the Company’s operations in 2020 and thus far in 2021, but there is a risk that state and federal authorities’ responses to the COVID-19 pandemic or another pandemic may disrupt our business in the future.

During April 2021, the Company relocated its corporate headquarters into downtown Buffalo, NY. The new office, as well as all of our facilities, continue to operate in compliance with New York and North Carolina guidance (as applicable) related to the prevention of COVID-19 transmission and employee safety. We also continue to allow remote work arrangements by our employees where job duties permit.

Our executive leadership team and staff are monitoring this evolving situation and its impacts on our business. We will continue to monitor the local, state, and federal guidance regarding our business practices.

Use of Estimates - The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Intangible Assets – Intangible assets are recorded at cost and consist primarily of (1) expenditures incurred with third-parties related to the processing of patent claims and trademarks with government authorities, as well as costs to acquire patent rights from third-parties, (2) license fees paid for third-party intellectual property, (3) costs to become a signatory under the tobacco MSA, and (4) license fees paid to acquire a predicate cigarette brand. The amounts capitalized relate to intellectual property that the Company owns or to which it has rights to use.

The Company’s capitalized intellectual property costs are amortized using the straight-line method over the remaining statutory life of the patent assets in each of the Company’s patent families, which have estimated expiration dates ranging from 2026 to 2041. Periodic maintenance or renewal fees are expensed as incurred. Annual minimum license fees are charged to expense. License fees paid for third-party intellectual property are amortized on a straight-line basis over the last to expire patents, which have expected expiration dates ranging from 2028 through 2036. The Company believes that costs associated with becoming a signatory to the MSA and costs related to the acquisition of a predicate cigarette brand have an indefinite life. As such, no amortization is taken. At each reporting period, the Company evaluates whether events and circumstances continue to support the indefinite-lived classification.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets – The Company reviews the carrying value of its amortizing long-lived assets whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the historical cost-carrying value of an asset may no longer be recoverable. On at least an annual basis, the Company assesses whether events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. If any such indicators are present, the Company will test for recoverability in accordance with ASC 360-Property, plant, and equipment or ASC 350- Intangibles, Goodwill, and Other.

Intangible assets subject to amortization are reviewed for strategic importance and commercialization opportunity prior to expiration. If it is determined that the asset no longer supports the Company’s strategic objectives and/or will not be commercially viable prior to expiration, the asset is impaired. In addition, the Company will assess the expected future undiscounted cash flows for its intellectual property based on consideration of future market and economic conditions, competition, federal and state regulations, and licensing opportunities. If the carrying value of such assets are not recoverable, the carrying value will be reduced to fair value.

Indefinite-lived intangible asset carrying values are reviewed at least annually or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that it is more likely than not that an impairment exists. The Company first performs a qualitative assessment and considers its current strategic objectives, future market and economic conditions, competition, and federal and state regulations to determine if an impairment is more likely than not. If it is determined that an impairment is more likely than not, a quantitative assessment is performed to compare the asset carrying value to fair value.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments - The Company’s financial instruments include cash and cash equivalents, short-term investment securities, accounts receivable, investments, a convertible note receivable, a promissory note receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses, and notes payable. The carrying values of these financial instruments approximate fair value. The Company carries cash equivalents, short-term investment securities, certain investments, and certain other assets at fair value which is described further in Note 6.

Investments  The Company’s equity securities are recorded at fair value with changes in fair value included within the statement of operations. Equity securities without a readily determinable market value are carried at cost less impairment, adjusted for observable price changes in orderly transactions for an identical or similar investment of the same issuer. The Company considers certain debt instruments as available-for-sale securities, and accordingly, all unrealized gains and losses incurred on the short-term investment securities (the adjustment to fair value) are recorded in other comprehensive income or loss on the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss.

Right-of-use assets (“ROU”) and Lease Obligations – The Company reviews any lease arrangements in accordance with ASU 2016-02, Subtopic ASC 842, Leases. Any lease having a lease term greater than twelve months will be recognized on the Consolidated Balance Sheets as a ROU asset with an associated lease obligation—all other leases are considered short-term in nature and will be expensed as payments are made over the lease term. The ROU assets and lease obligations are recognized as of the commencement date at the net present value of the fixed minimum lease payments for the lease term. The lease term is determined based on the contractual conditions, including whether renewal options are reasonably certain to be exercised. The discount rate used is the interest rate implicit in the lease, if available, or the Company’s incremental borrowing rate which is determined using a base line rate plus an applicable spread.

Stock Based Compensation – The Company’s Omnibus Incentive Plan allows for various types of equity-based incentive awards. Stock based compensation expense is based on awards that are expected to vest over the requisite service periods and are based on the fair value of the award measured on the grant date. Vesting requirements vary for directors, officers, and employees. In general, time-based awards fully vest after one year for directors and vest in equal annual installments over a three-year period for officers and employees. Performance-based awards vest upon achievement of certain milestones. Forfeitures are accounted for when they occur.

Income Taxes - For interim income tax reporting, due to a full valuation allowance on net deferred tax assets, no income tax expense or benefit is recorded unless it is an unusual or infrequently occurring item. The tax effects of unusual or infrequently occurring items, including changes in judgment about valuation allowances and effects of changes in tax laws or rates, are reported in the interim period in which they occur.

Recent Accounting Pronouncement(s) – In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, “Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments.” The standard replaces the incurred loss model with the current expected credit loss (CECL) model to estimate credit losses for financial assets measured at amortized cost and certain off-balance sheet credit exposures. The CECL model requires companies to estimate credit losses expected over the life of the financial assets based on historical experience, current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts. The provisions of the ASU are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 and interim periods within those fiscal years—excluding small reporting companies (SRCs), based on a determination date as of November 15, 2019, which have an effective date beginning after December 15, 2022 and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is evaluating the expected impacts of the ASU.

We consider the applicability and impact of all ASUs. If the ASU is not listed above, it was determined that the ASU was either not applicable or would have an immaterial impact on our financial statements and related disclosures.